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Donna Arnold
Donna Arnold
Defuniak Springs, FL 32435
850-951-4899
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Adjustable Rate Mortgages - The Basics

An adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) has an interest rate that fluctuates periodically. This is in contrast to a fixed rate mortgage, which always has the same interest rate.

Every ARM has basic components:

  1. An index
  2. A margin
  3. Adjustment Period
  4. An interest rate cap
  5. An initial interest rate

The Index

An ARM’s interest rate is tied to one of many economic indices, some examples of which are the 1-year constant maturity Treasury security, the Cost of Funds Index, or the London Interbank Offered Rate. Different indices move at different rates so know the characteristics of the index used for your ARM.

The Margin

The interest rate for your ARM will be calculated by adding a margin to the interest rate from the index. The margin is basically the markup charged by the lender that allows them to make a profit off of your loan, such as adding 2% to the index, where the 2% is the margin. The margin of your loan usually does not fluctuate.

The Adjustment Period

The Adjustment Period controls when and how often your interest rate changes. For example, if your ARM has an adjustment period of 1 year, your interest rate will be subject to change at the end of each year and your monthly mortgage payment will be recalculated to reflect this change.

The Interest Rate Cap

Interest rate caps are built into the loan to protect the borrower from drastic interest rate fluctuations. The caps limit how much the interest rate or monthly payment can change at the end of each adjustment period. An ARM can also have a cap for the life of the loan. For example, during the life of a loan, the interest rate can only be increased by 5%.

The Initial Interest Rate

The Initial Interest Rate is the interest rate that you start with at the beginning of your loan period. The length of time your loan stays at this rate is built into the loan. For example, you may stay at the initial interest rate for 1 year, 5 years, or another length of time depending on your specific mortgage. This type of ARM is generally referred to as a Hybrid ARM. The initial interest rate for an adjustable rate mortgage is generally lower than that of a fixed rate mortgage.

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Donna Arnold
Defuniak Springs, FL 32435
Phone: 850-951-4899
Email: donna@teamwalton.com

Testimonials Page

• I met Donna several years ago, before she became a realtor, and liked her immediately. We came together more recently when my husband and I decided to sell our home. We have a couple of hurdles to overcome, but because of the fact that Donna went over the top to research and do work I had not expected, our greatest hurdle is behind us. Donna not only is knowledgeable, smart and personable, she has a level of work ethic and integrity that is far above average. If you want a realtor who is professional and knowledgeable, and who sincerely works on your behalf, call Donna." Kim Farris
Donna sold me the house I currently live in. She inspired me to become an agent, so I did and then we worked together. After she became the broker, I worked for her and she inspired me again ... now I am a broker too! Donna is busy busy busy - making sure her clients find the deal they want at a fair price, selling their property for a fair deal, or inspiring others to make a positive difference! Donna cares for her community and the people around her. Fair, honest, competitive (in a positive way), and busy ......... that's why she can claim to be the number one selling office in North Walton County! The Golden Rule ........ to treat others the way you would want to be treated ......... that's Donna Arnold." Susan Dixon
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